Xenophon’s Horse: An Arabian?

Posted on March 4, 2016 by Jerrilee.
Categories: breed, history, riding, training.
Foundation Arab Sire:1891-1899

Mesaoud:an Arabian Sire from 1891-1899

photo from: Crabbet Arabian Stud

Nabatea.Net probes “The Arabian Horse and the Nabataeans” Here are excerpts:

Ancient Middle Eastern history does not tell us in which country the Arabian horse was first domesticated, or whether they were first used for work or riding. Historians assume that they were probably used for both purposes in very early times and in various parts of the world. We do know, however that by 1500 B.C. the people of the east had obtained great mastery over their hot-blooded horses which were the forerunners of the modern breed which eventually became known as “Arabian.”

About 3500 years ago the horse brought tremendous changes in the east, including the valley of the Nile and beyond, changing human history and the face of the world. For instance, once they obtained horses, the Egyptians became aware of the vast world beyond their own borders. The Pharaohs were able to extend the Egyptian empire by harnessing the horse to their chariots. Likewise, the empires of the Hurrians, Hittites, Kassites, Assyrians, Babylonians, Persians and others rose and fell under the thundering hooves of early horses.

Early depictions of the horse appear on seal rings, stone pillars and various monuments with regularity after the 16th century B.C. Egyptian hieroglyphics proclaimed the horses’ value; Old Testament writings are filled with references to the horses’ might and strength. King Solomon (around 900 years B.C.) eulogized the beauty of “a company of horses in Pharaoh’s chariots,” and later 490 B.C. the famous Greek horseman, Xinophon proclaimed that the horse was “a noble animal which exhibits itself in all its beauty, and is something so lovely and wonderful that it fascinates young and old alike.”

Historical figures like Genghis Khan, Napoleon, Alexander the Great and George Washington rode Arabians. Even today, one finds descendants from the earliest Arabian horses of antiquity. Then, a man’s wealth was measured in his holdings of these fine animals. Given that the Arabian was the original source of quality and speed, and remains foremost in the fields of endurance and soundness, he still either directly or indirectly contributed to the formation of virtually all the modern breeds of horses.

The full article can be found at: http://nabataea.net/horse.html

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